Decoding and Interpreting Paranormal Evidence

Paranormal evidence

Gather Equipment

Before heading out on your next ghost hunt to gather paranormal evidence, you need to have the correct ghost-hunting gear. This equipment is used to test conditions where supernatural phenomena are suspected to be. Some equipment, like thermal cameras, can be used for remote viewing. Others, like motion detectors, can be used ‘on the scene’.

Paranormal investigators make an analysis of the evidence they find. This is crucial to determining whether a location or situation has genuine supernatural activity.

Common equipment used includes;

  • Voice recorders – to collect Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVPs)
  • Thermal, infrared, and full-spectrum cameras
  • Electromagnetic Field Meters (EFM) – to detect changes in electromagnetic fields
  • Temperature gauges – to detect ‘cold spots’
  • Motion detectors
  • Environmental Detection Instruments (EDI)
  • Vibration sensors

Divination equipment includes;

Document Your Findings

Documenting your findings is the backbone of any paranormal investigation. It provides tangible evidence and a record of events.

Current conditions

Date and time

Some phenomenon is believed to occur on specific dates, like Halloween for example. Log the date and time of when you conduct your spiritual tests. You can review or cross-reference the context of your findings at a later stage.


Take note of the weather conditions before, during and after your ghoulish search. This can give insights into your findings where a comparison can be made. For example, if your experiments are done during a thunderstorm, it could interfere with your equipment; resulting in false-positive readings.

Feelings and sensations

A lot of the time, supernatural occurrences are impressionistic. Investigators might feel sudden cold spots, a feeling of dread, or have the sense of being watched. While these are subjective feelings, they can provide invaluable context for relevant research purposes. For example, an uneasy feeling may correlate with a high EMF reading.

It’s important to differentiate between psychological (i.e. feelings) and physical (e.g. flickering lights) phenomena. Ensure your “evidence” has no logical external trigger, such as gale-force winds that may knock the power out.

Reviewing Spooky Evidence

Audio recordings

  • Audio recordings are one of the most common types of evidence collected during creepy experiments. EVP meters capture unexplained voices or sounds that may be difficult to hear during the time of the recording. EVPs are debatable technologies as the spiritual entity needs to be willing to communicate.
  • Once you have collected your EVPs, analyse the data in a quiet room, away from background noises and distractions. Headphones can be helpful to use. Do this with a healthy dose of scepticism, eliminating any external or logical causes of the sounds.
  • Timestamp each occurrence and look for contextual clues. For example, the sound of a banging door in an abandoned building that has no doors or windows could provide clues to otherworldly beings lurking nearby…

Investigators rate EVPs based on clarity and volume, such as;

  1. Class A: Clear and easy to understand.
  2. Class B: Voices are somewhat clear.
  3. Class C: Unable to hear. Voices are soft and faint.

Fun fact: Parapsychologist Konstantīns Raudive, popularised EVPs in the 70s, describing them as “typically brief, usually the length of a word or short phrase.”

Visual recordings

  • Visual recordings, captured via thermal cameras or night-vision photography, are vital when it comes to analysing spiritual phenomena. Unlike subjective feelings, visual evidence provides tangible ‘proof’.
  • View the footage in a quiet room, away from distractions. Look for subtle visual abnormalities and review the footage multiple times; ensuring nothing has been overlooked. This can be a lengthy process.
  • Compare your footage with other recordings or experiments from the same location. Look for any common occurrences that may be linked.
  • Timestamp your findings across the entire video. Ensure there are no external factors, such as bad weather conditions, that may influence the ‘science’ and ‘proof’ behind your footage.

Common visual abnormalities include;

  1. Orbs: These are small, round ‘dots of light’ that appear in videos and photos. They are usually unseen by the naked eye and are believed to be ‘floating spirits’.
  2. Mists: Unexplained fog or mist is a common anomaly.
  3. Shadows: Unexplained dark masses or shadows (that move independently) can signify ghostly entities.

Video editing software is often used to streamline and process footage. Do not over-edit your videos as it can distort the authenticity.

Other recordings

  • Ghost hunters believe spirits can influence electromagnetic fields. EMF meters are commonly used in psychical research to detect potential paranormal activity. Unexpected spikes in EMF meters, especially in locations where no electrical source is present, can indicate possible paranormal activity.
  • Sudden changes in temperature – especially cold spots – are often associated with ghosts.
  • Ensure all ghost-hunting equipment has been calibrated and is functioning correctly before you begin your investigation; to avoid any false readings or malfunctions.

Cross-referencing evidence

It is a challenge to determine whether your footage is real or not. Documenting every encounter is vital if you want to cross-reference your evidence to draw a conclusion.

For example, the time stamp for when a shadowy figure appeared could correlate with the exact time of an EMF spike.

Understanding The Phenomena

With your collected findings – such as video or audio recordings – you are better equipped to process your data. Science and physics have played a major role in deciphering occult theories, ever since Harry Price’s days. This scientific ‘technology’ has been used in many research experiments since the early 1900s.

Ghost hunters often explore various spooky locations; taking a step back in history to conduct their psychical research.

These areas include;

  1. Historical sites – where tragic or gruesome events occurred.
  2. Residential/domestic properties – where ghoulish subjects or occurrences have been reported.
  3. Abandoned buildings – often associated with or having a creepy nature.
  4. Natural sites (e.g. lakes, caves, forests.) – which might have legends or folklore attached to them.

Things to remember

  • Keep an open mind with a healthy dose of scepticism (i.e. don’t jump to crazy ideas from the get-go). Some ‘ghosts’ may have a logical explanation.
  • Conduct your research in controlled conditions. Eliminate any possible cause of doubt (i.e. statistical significance). For example, keep windows closed to prevent any cold drafts that could be mistaken for ‘cold spots’.
  • Keep a journal of your findings. Time stamp each encounter, including how you physically and psychologically feel (Did you feel sad? Did you get cold?)
  • Do your research and cross-reference your data. Seeking advice from paranormal experts (or a psychic) could be helpful.


Who is Harry Price?

Price was a British psychic researcher and author, best known for his investigations into paranormal phenomena. He established The National Laboratory of Psychical Research in 1923 which was dedicated to the scientific study of macabre activity.

Where can I get hold of ghost-finding tools?

If you’re searching for a ghost finder, we sell many ghost-finding tools here at SpiritShack. From EVP recorders to EMF meters and spirit boxes.

Final Thoughts

As you venture into the realms of the unknown, it’s essential to be both prepared and critical. The definition of paranormal evidence is to ‘give an explanation for the unexplained’ after all.

With the right approach and a commitment to thorough documentation, you stand a good chance of deciphering the mysterious messages. Stay grounded, keep an open yet sceptical mind, and the (paranormal) answers you seek may just reveal themselves…


Sam Ashford
Sam Ashford - Author

Hey, I'm Sam Ashford! I'm a ghost-hunting expert, writer and founder of SpiritShack. My mission is to help people like yourself learn about spirituality and how to hunt ghosts!